What happens next?

In November 2018 the UK Government and EU leaders endorsed a Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration on the future relationship between the UK and EU. On Tuesday 15 January MPs voted against the Withdrawal Agreement. In a statement following the vote, the Prime Minister stated that she would reach out to parliamentarians to discuss a way forward.

  • Withdrawal Agreement: The UK and EU endorsed a Withdrawal Agreement in November 2018. This document details the legal provisions under the Article 50 process in codifying the UK’s exit from the EU.
  • Political Declaration: Agreement had also been reached on a Political Declaration outlining the framework for a future relationship. This is not a legally binding document and sets outs a path to a future relationship once the UK leaves the EU.
  • UK Parliament: MPs have voted against the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration. The Prime Minister is undertaking discussions with MPs to find a way forward.

Brexit Timeline

  • 18/19 October 2018: European Council summit

    The October Council was the original date for reaching an agreement between the UK and EU and acted as an informal deadline for a solution to the Irish border.

  • 25 November 2018: Extraordinary European Council summit

    An emergency November Summit took place to endorse the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration at an EU level.

  • December 2018

    Parliamentarians debated the Withdrawal Agreement and were due to vote on it, however it was delayed until January.

  • 13/14 December 2018: European Council Summit

    The Prime Minister used this Summit as an opportunity to outline the intention to not use the Northern Ireland backstop unless as a last resort.

  • Week Commencing 14 January 2019

    The vote on the draft Withdrawal Agreement took place this week and was voted down by parliamentarians.

  • 29 January 2019

    MPs voted on what happens next with Brexit. Concluded that the Prime Minister should try renegotiate the Irish backstop.

  • End of February: May and Juncker to meet

    The Prime Minister and President Juncker will meet before the end of February to take stock of the discussions held by their teams.

  • 27 February 2019

    Prime Minister to make a statement to Parliament and MPs to debate and vote what happens next with Brexit.

  • 21/22 March 2019: European Council summit

    The last EU leaders meeting before “Brexit Day”.

  • 29 March 2019

    UK leaves the EU.

Useful links