In November 2018 the UK Government and EU leaders endorsed a Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration on the future relationship between the UK and EU. On Tuesday 15 January MPs voted against the Withdrawal Agreement. In a statement following the vote, the Prime Minister stated that she would reach out to parliamentarians to discuss a way forward.
- Withdrawal Agreement: The UK and EU endorsed a Withdrawal Agreement in November 2018. This document details the legal provisions under the Article 50 process in codifying the UK’s exit from the EU.
- Political Declaration: Agreement had also been reached on a Political Declaration outlining the framework for a future relationship. This is not a legally binding document and sets outs a path to a future relationship once the UK leaves the EU.
- UK Parliament: MPs have voted against the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration. The Prime Minister is undertaking discussions with MPs to find a way forward.
18/19 October 2018: European Council summit
The October Council was the original date for reaching an agreement between the UK and EU and acted as an informal deadline for a solution to the Irish border.
25 November 2018: Extraordinary European Council summit
An emergency November Summit took place to endorse the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration at an EU level.
Parliamentarians debated the Withdrawal Agreement and were due to vote on it, however it was delayed until January.
13/14 December 2018: European Council Summit
The Prime Minister used this Summit as an opportunity to outline the intention to not use the Northern Ireland backstop unless as a last resort.
Week Commencing 14 January 2019
The vote on the draft Withdrawal Agreement took place this week and was voted down by parliamentarians.
29 January 2019
MPs voted on what happens next with Brexit. Concluded that the Prime Minister should try renegotiate the Irish backstop.
End of February: May and Juncker to meet
The Prime Minister and President Juncker will meet before the end of February to take stock of the discussions held by their teams.
27 February 2019
Prime Minister to make a statement to Parliament and MPs to debate and vote what happens next with Brexit.
21/22 March 2019: European Council summit
The last EU leaders meeting before “Brexit Day”.
29 March 2019
UK leaves the EU.