A new report by an international consortium of leading astronomers sets out recommendations to transform our understanding of the Universe in the next decade.
Lovell Telescope at the Jodrell Bank Radar Observatory Experimental Station, headquarters of the Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO).
Image by Morphius Film / Copyright Shutterstock
The ASTRONET Science Vision and Infrastructure Roadmap 2022 to 2035 is the latest comprehensive roadmap produced by the ASTRONET network of European funding agencies and research organisations. The network includes the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).
ASTRONET is an independent consortium whose aim is to create a common science vision for all European astronomy by convening diverse groups to ask some of the biggest questions in science.
An international effort
Panels including over 100 scientists from across Europe fed into the report and a series of public consultations were also held to ensure that it reflected the breadth of views within astronomy.
These established key priorities, such as understanding the origin of the Universe and the evolution of planets in our Solar system, as well as making recommendations on the facilities and resources needed to meet these priorities.
In making its recommendations, the report considers recently published visions provided by the European Space Agency, NASA and advisory bodies such as the particle astrophysics consortium.
The aim of the report is to create an openly accessible resource for policymakers and science leaders to support informed decisions that more effectively and efficiently direct scientific discovery.
Supporting European and UK research
The previous ASTRONET Science Vision and Infrastructure Roadmap (published in 2007 and revised in 2015) included recommendations which fed into proposals for projects such as:
the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Extremely Large Telescope in Chile
the Square Kilometre Array Observatory, which is headquartered at Jodrell Bank near Manchester
These and other initiatives recommended have gone on to receive significant UK support and involvement.
Through recommendations such as these, the ASTRONET Roadmap has become a valuable source of information for the benefit of the entire research community.
Looking to the future
The recommendations of the latest report include:
timely construction of the Cherenkov Telescope Array to detect very high energy gamma rays from black holes and other extreme phenomena
adoption of the European Space Agency Athena and Laser Interferometer Space Antenna missions to study black holes, detect and accurately measure gravitational waves from astronomical sources and more
development of second-generation instruments to enhance the capability of the ESO Extremely Large Telescope
introduction of more robust environmental footprint assessments for astronomical research and greater consideration of how to reduce the environmental impact of space science
investing in people to guarantee our ability to foster scientific and technological advances in astronomy
UK Research and Innovation and STFC are engaged in all proposed projects and the report will help to guide investment decisions over the coming years.
Building on momentum
Professor Amelie Saintonge, Professor of Astrophysics at University College London, STFC Science Board member and lead editor of the report, said: "The technology behind the facilities that allow for groundbreaking Astronomical discoveries often takes decades to mature. This is why it is essential to take a long term and global look at our scientific priorities, as we do in the ASTRONET Science and Infrastructure Roadmap.
"The Roadmap highlights the need for a balanced and integrated infrastructure where large flagship observatories are complemented by smaller rapid-response facilities, computation and data centres, as well as laboratory facilities and technology development infrastructures.
"Another growing priority of the community is that Astronomical research is conducted in a sustainable and equitable manner, that also fulfils our roles as educators and responsible citizens. The report highlights the importance of including these considerations right at the first moments of decision making."
An exciting time for science
Dr Colin Vincent, STFC Associate Director of Astronomy and Chair of the ASTRONET board, said: "Astronomy is a necessarily international field and so, while it is important that individual nations set their own priorities, a common view is essential to enable world class programmes and capabilities, with European leadership.
"We are living through an incredibly exciting time for science with game-changing space missions like the James Webb Space Telescope redefining our understanding of our place in the Universe.
"It is imperative that we build on this momentum by taking a strategic view of how we can combine efforts across Europe and globally to continue to push the limits of our knowledge."
To read the full report and learn more about STFC and ASTRONET: